Substantive editing looks at the manuscript as a whole. I read for sense, reader clarity, and narrative flow. I might suggest moving blocks of text to consolidate and avoid repetition, propose changes in transitions or word order, or even recommend adding or removing text to strengthen your argument. Throughout, I explain my edits and ask for clarification if anything is unclear.
Optional Round Two of Substantive Editing: If you opt for a second round, I will accept the changes that you have approved, revert to the original text where you have rejected my suggestions, and integrate your answers to my queries and any additional revisions you have made.
Then I review the entire manuscript to make sure it all hangs together. If there are any unresolved issues, I will inform you about these either within the text or by cover letter.
Optional Round of Copyediting: Some authors request a third round of clean-up and polishing, especially if the targeted publication requires authors to adhere to house style as a condition of article submission. Citation style is the most obvious specification, but house style might also encompass figures and tables, headings, paragraphing, abbreviations, and hyphenation (see Copyediting and Proofreading).
- Unless otherwise requested, edited Word documents will be returned with tracked changes showing.
- Notes and queries will be inserted with the comment function, but they can be inserted inline (in double brackets) or listed in a separate document on request.
- Authors are requested to track all changes when reviewing the manuscript between editing rounds.